Summary:One is that mountain bikes and road bikes are used for different purposes. Road bikes are designed specifically for urba...
One is that mountain bikes and road bikes are used for different purposes. Road bikes are designed specifically for urban roads, are lightweight, aerodynamic, and go fast when going uphill. Mountain bikes are designed for off-roading. The bikes' thick tires and rough tire surfaces make them very slow on tarmac.
The second is that mountain bikes and road bikes have different frames. Compared to mountain bikes, road bikes are compact and aerodynamic. Mountain bikes are designed to be stable on rough terrain. Compared to mountain bikes, road bikes have relatively long reach and top tubes, and shorter forks, which help road riders stretch into aerodynamic positions while riding. And mountain bikes usually have larger forks to keep the rider's center of gravity balanced on steep descents.
The third is that mountain bikes and road bikes have different transmissions and brakes
. In relatively high-end mountain bikes, with the 1x setting, you can also achieve massive shifting. Most road bikes have a 2x setup, which means they have two front sprockets and a front dial. Most road cassettes are 11-speed, ranging from 11 to 28 teeth.
Mountain bikes' powerful high-performance disc brakes in the wet are the best choice for trail riding.
Fourth, tires on mountain bikes and road bikes are different. Mountain bike tires are wider and larger than road bike tires. Mountain bike wheels are durable and provide grip on uneven ground. Road bike tires are significantly narrower than mountain bike tires.
Fifth, the shock absorption of mountain bikes and road bikes is different. Full shock mountain bikes feature front and rear shocks to improve overall comfort and handling on rough and technical terrain. Compared to hardtail mountain bikes, these bikes are obviously heavier and more expensive, but are much better on rough roads.
Sixth, the handlebars of mountain bikes and road bikes are different. One of the biggest differences between a road bike and a mountain bike is its handlebars. Speedway bikes have a lower bar, which is a set of curved handlebars that give us more riding position. Mountain bikes use a flat handlebar. Flat handlebars have only one riding position, and that is with the handlebars on either side of the flat handlebar.